Has the excitement surrounding the introduction of lasers to dentistry been more smoke than substance? Since 1990, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of TWELVE different wavelengths for dental use. These different wavelengths create a world of difference in how the lasers operate, and their usefulness in the oral cavity. The use of lasers for specific procedures found in everyday general practice was highlighted. The second day workshop had given each participant hands-on experience with the various wavelengths, performing surgical procedures on in-vitro models (animal mandibles). Real time videos of routine laser procedures was also a part of the in-depth discussion of specific instrument settings and techniques for laser surgical procedures.